Infografica - L’agricoltura e il cambiamento globale EN


The current situation of our planet sees a population in constant growth: in recent years the world population has doubled. Today we are 7,5 billion people, while by 2050 the world population is expected to reach 9 billion. This indicates that by that time, to meet the demand for food and to feed the constantly growing population, farmers will have to produce about 70% more than they do today. 
The situation is critical if we think that together with this factor we need to consider another: the resources to feed the world population are less and less, from agricultural lands to water resources, to energy ones. Food production, and therefore food availability, is mainly affected by productivity losses in terms of agricultural yield, cultivated areas and cultivation intensity. 
Global climate changes, such as the increase in temperature, have made necessary more frequent irrigation and therefore the further use of a scarce and precious resource like water.
The challenge faced by all the participants in the world of agriculture and the food industry in general is this: to double the food production by halving the necessary resources. To find a solution to this emergency, one certainly cannot hope for a demographic reduction, but rather to direct resources towards development and innovation, using new technologies to find the right solution to a problem that concerns us all.
Infografica - L’agricoltura del terzo millennio EN


What we are facing is a real global challenge that requires a highly integrated approach and a long-term strategic vision.
In the last few years the demands of the end-user have changed a lot: the consumer asks for greater safety in the food field, a high quality of the products, respect for the environment and a greater attention to pollution.
On the other hand, the agriculture sector, to meet the demands coming from the market, needs varieties that need little water, that can be harvested in a short time, that resist climate change, that have a longer shelf life.
Therefore, solutions are needed that are able to guarantee economic development, environmental protection and social equity: in short, the agriculture sector is required to move towards sustainable development.
Infografica - Redisuo Zero - Investire in innovazione EN


The watchword for agriculture in the third millennium is sustainability.
The aim of feeding the 9 billion people expected by 2050, increasing crop yields in a perspective of increasingly scarce resources, requires careful consideration. In other words, in 30 years the sector must be able to double world food production, bearing in mind that even today food self-sufficiency is not guaranteed for about 1,5 billion people. The topic is stimulating and leads to considering multiple factors that can lead to a possible solution: these include the themes of genetics and technological innovation. 
Genetic improvement has always been one of the main sources of agricultural progress: investing resources in research centers to obtain ever more productive genetic strains that are resistant to environmental stress will allow the entire sector to become more efficient. In the same way, it is essential to direct resources towards technological innovation. Research and innovation are the cornerstones that allow technological progress in all sectors, even in the agricultural sector, which is very often conceived as the farthest.
However, the rarefaction of resources such as soil, water and energy require a solution of this type: the land destined for agricultural production is fewer and fewer, for this reason, the solution of the "vertical farms", that is the multi-layer cultivation in closed cells that develop, as the name implies, vertically. Another resource that is increasingly lacking is water, which is scarce not only in quantity but also in quality, given that in the last 50 years salinity has increased everywhere. Genetics responds to this problem with varieties that are increasingly more tolerant to salinity and need less water, while the technology proposes different irrigation techniques (for example drip irrigation) or an efficient storage network. Energy is also at the center of reflection: according to ENEA (National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development) data, total final energy consumption in the agricultural-food system represents the 32% on a global scale. However, agriculture can make its contribution to energy saving by applying energy efficiency measures to all stages of processing, thus allowing significant energy savings. Genetics and technology are the cornerstones on which to set all the strategies aimed at safeguarding our planet and its sustenance, investing in this direction means going to meet the agriculture that is to come.
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